Remote Stream Incubators (RSI) are an additional kokanee supplementation strategy in which we install these systems on tributaries of Lake Sammamish. The RSI's allow kokanee to be reared and imprint on specific streams which we would like them to recolonize. RSI's will provide a higher survival rate than in nature and may reduce hatchery and handling effects. This Project is intended to be an opportunity for Citizen Science.
The plan is to collect kokanee adults when they return to spawn and are used as broodstock for the program. Kokanee eggs are fertilized at the hatchery and then taken to the RSI's where they are installed into the egg box. The eggs are reared to hatch and are allowed to freely exit the RSI to the stream where they can begin their adventure to adulthood. We have constructed two RSI systems and tested them on two tributaries of Lake Sammamish. We were able to test the systems and are ready for kokanee eggs in the upcoming season.
- Water Intake - Stream water is diverted from the stream into the water system for the RSI. The intake is protected with a "Trash Rack" and is screened to prevent fish from entering the system.
- Filtration System- We have devised a series of filtration barrels to remove sediment from the incoming water to protect the precious kokanee. The first barrel removes larger sediment (>2mm) with a screen. The second is baffled which removes the smaller sediment (>0.5mm) by forcing the water to navigate through the barrel. Lastly, a spin or rotary filter is used to capture the finest remaining sediment from the water supply.
- Egg Box - An aluminum box was modified to allow the incoming water to enter through a pipe in the bottom portion of the egg box. The water works up through a removable media box that is filled with native gravels and kokanee eggs and then out back to the stream through a drain near the top of the box. The box lid was also modified to allow the kokanee to experience diurnal patterns by cutting a large hole and covering it with Plexiglas.
We have tested the system and are ready to prove that the RSI will produce kokanee fry. This will happen this winter from the kokanee return, which begins in November 2017. Once we prove that this system will produce fry, we would like to expand the program with more RSI locations and more egg boxes per location.
- More Egg Boxes - Salmon, including kokanee, do not all return in one pulse. In order to properly mimic the natural returns we should have multiple egg boxes per stream which would allow multiple collections through the spawning season.
- More Locations - Once this system is proven reliable, we could deploy RSI's throughout the watershed. This would diversify the recolonization of streams by kokanee and dramatically increase the kokanee population in Lake Sammamish.
- Citizen Science - We need volunteers! Minor maintenance is required to keep these systems optimally functioning.
- RSI Sponsors - We need sponsors to help fund building more RSI's. If you are interested or have questions please contact us!
- RSI Location Sponsors - Since most of the Lake Sammamish is urbanized, we need willing landowners to host an RSI on their property. We will develop a map of preferred RSI expansion sites.